It has lengthy been a common practice to match slag glass lamp shades, Tiffany sort shades and other people to numerous lamp bases that were not the original. Yet another typical practice has been to place an unsigned shade on a signed Handel lamp base and pass the entire lamp off as a "Handel". Several if not most lamps and shades are referred to as Handel lamps merely simply because the style is similar to that of an original Handel lamp. Experts nowadays recommend that about 90% of all lamps called Handel had been not in fact created by Handel. There are many lamps that are signed but that are not authentic. Identification of Handel leaded lamps is a subjective procedure that couple of individuals are qualified to do.Given the company's history it might be difficult to prove the negative: i.e. that a specific lamp is NOT a Handel. But as usual, cash speaks and you will uncover that a Handel lamp and shade with right markings, attributes and documentation commands a quite premium cost as compared to any lamp that is "attributed to Handel".Philip Handel (age 19) and Adolph Eydam (age 21) formed a partnership in 1885 and designed the "Eydam and Handel Company" in Meriden, Connecticut specializing in glass decorating and lamp manufacturing. They used lamp bases from other suppliers not their own lamp bases. In 1892 the partnership ended and the business later moved to larger facilities in New York city in 1893 and was identified as "Philip J. Handel" and later as "Handel and Company". In 1902 they opened their own foundry and began producing their own lamp bases. The Handel Firm was incorporated on June 11, 1903 and Philip J. Handel, Albert Parlow, and Antone Teich were the principals. In 1906, Philip J. Handel married Fannie Hirschfield Handel his second wife. She became the company's president upon Philip Handel's death in 1914. In 1918 she remarried and in 1919 William F. Handel, Philip's cousin took control of the company.Following Globe War I was a period of tremendous growth. The economy was roaring and the firm had assembled a really impressive and talented group of artists and craftsmen. Nonetheless, the Great Depression drastically changed the company's fortunes and by 1929 the business was struggling. The company ceased production entirely in 1936. The Handel Lamp Organization was the really finest maker of reverse-painted lamps. Handel also created some leaded glass lamps. The organization is a prime example of fine American high quality craftsmanship.Handel bases were most generally produced of a zinc alloy, spelter with a bronze patina or finish. Some were made of genuine bronze. The marking was generally the organization name on the bottom of the base. The markings consisted of raised letters and/or a label. At times the marking would be underneath the base or occasionally on best of the the base. Lamp shades had been marked on metal components and/or on the glass itself. Some of the glass pieces are signed by the artists.Many of the medium to bigger Handel lamp bases had been wired with numerous sockets which had been operated by pull chains that had tiny and different shaped pull balls on the ends of the chain.For instance, some of Handel's modest and basic desk and straightforward piano lamps have lately sold for around $500.